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include和including的區別 二者的使用方法

2021-03-28 17:13:27文/李傲

include和including的區別主要在于用法,因為include屬于名詞,而including屬于介詞。下文是關于include和including區別的具體內容,快來參考一下吧。

include和including的區別 二者的使用方法

include和including的區別

兩者的詞性是不同的,include是動詞,而including是介詞。因此其用法也是完全不同的。

include指某整體包含或容納某部分,常用于解釋或補充說明。如:

The money I gave you included Xiao Zhang's.我給你的錢里包括了小張的錢。

The money I gave you included all my salaries.我給你的錢含了我所有的工資。

include常以including(名詞/代詞前)或included(名詞/代詞后)的形式出現在短語中,用來舉例,解釋或補充說明。如:

There are ten of us here, including three girls. (=There are ten of us here, three girls included.)

Everybody has something to say, me included. (=Everybody has something to say, including me.)

include和including的用法

1、include

include作為動詞,含義有包括;包含;使成為…的一部分。

例句:The tour included a visit to the Science Museum.

這次游覽包括參觀科學博物館。

You should include some examples in your essay.

你應該在文章里舉一些例子。

2、including

1、當including作為介詞時,含義為包括…在內。

例句:I've got three days' holiday including New Year's Day.

包括元旦在內我有三天假。

Each unit including the parent company has its own, local management.

包括母公司在內,每個單位都有自己的地方管理層。

2、當including作為動詞時,含義有包括;包含;使成為…的一部分,是include的現在分詞。

例句:Avoid including other elements that conflict with the main subject.

避免把與主題相悖的元素包含進來。

A lens is an optical system including two refracting surfaces.

一個透鏡是包含兩個折射面的光學系統。

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